Road & Road Widening
To ensure ABB is able to match the globally best-in-class standards of living, seamless smooth transportation and interconnectivity is paramount. A critical factor for urbanization is mobility to which wide, well-designed road network is critical. A smooth, uniform RoW across the locality will ensure not only easier transit for vehicles, but also enhance the inclusivity of streets so as to include pedestrians and cyclists.
Redesign of Streets
A critical component of smart mobility is safer, inclusive infrastructure for pedestrians, cyclists and differently abled. A considerable chunk of Indian roads have historically given preference to motorized vehicles in street design. However, smart streets ensure safety of non-motorized stakeholders. By redesigning 27 km of streets with RoW > 18 m, it will be ensured that adequate footpath space and demarcated bicycle lanes are present. The street will have demarcated zones: for commercial activities, pedestrians, bicycles and vehicles, to ensure a sustainable mobile ecosystem is created. This will be complemented by initiatives such as place making (elaborated below), thereby contributing to the urban form. Together with bicycle systems and improved footpaths, it is expected that ABB will be able to match benchmark 50% (from 30% currently) NMT trip share. Continuous footpaths, bicycle tracks will lead to increased adoption leading to improvement in air quality as well.
Footpaths form an integral part of any urban settlement. An ideal footpath should be demarcated, safe, accessible to all (differently abled, elderly etc) and without obstructions. Equipping with ramps and constructing with easy to traverse material will be further benefits. The footpath should not have utility supports like electric poles etc hindering the thoroughfare, at least so far as the pedestrian thorough fare is concerned. Additionally, they must be accessible from any part of the road, through a combination of zebra crossings (which will be catered through the initiatives targeting street redesign and place making. 60 km of footpaths will be redesigned/retrofitted to achieve the above mentioned aims.
Place making is both a process and tool, by which we collectively design and manage elements of the public realm to create places that are appealing, accessible, comfortable, and support social activity. Place making helps to define the pattern and use of the built environment and the manner and ease in which people are able to access, connect and move around in it. Such spaces will be created to achieve the objective of social development, inclusion and develop a smart urban form
Bus stops form an integral part of any public transit system based on buses. Functionally bus stops are a primary source of information for passengers, apart from serving as waiting points. Often the conditions of bus stops are a close proxy to the conditions of bus transit systems. This imperative has 2 primary objectives: firstly, making the wait comfortable/less arduous for citizens and secondly ensuring complete availability of information at the bus stop. Improving the infrastructure of bus stops to make them accessible, comfortable and friendlier towards differently abled and equipping bus stops with Passenger Information Screens and QR codes to update bus arrivals in real time will be a big stride towards fulfilling the above mentioned objective.
Redesigning of 14 junctions in Aundh-Baner-Balewadi will serve as a pilot for roll out of similar imperatives across the Pune City. Intelligently designed junctions reduce congestion by improving traffic flow and improve pedestrian and NMT safety. Additionally, place making will ensure that junctions, along with the streets and open spaces will contribute to the urban character of ABB.
Non – Motorized Transport
Non-motorized streets, or pedestrian only zones have been very successful as concepts across several cities globally (e.g. Istanbul, Copenhagen etc). With pedestrian plazas, street vendors, mom & pop stores, such zones can become big time tourist attractions, offering the citizens an avenue for engagement and enjoyment. Further they can fuel the prospects of local small and medium business owners. The benefits are further complemented by improvements in air quality (Reduction in pollution levels).
Waste Water Recycling
Lack of waste water capacity is leading to discharge of untreated sewage in the water bodies of Pune and polluting the rivers. A ~990 cr project to revamp existing STPs and build 10 new STPs has been sanctioned under JNNURM and JICA will provide the funding.
One of the most common forms of mass rapid transit globally, BRT corridor is an integral component of Pune’s strategy to tackle long term mobility problems. An additional corridor of 8 km is planned along the riverfront as a part of Local Area Development. Connecting BRT corridor on Baner and University Chowk - Aundh Roads, this corridor will perform 2 critical functions:
1) Aid in ensuring last mile connectivity across ABB for the incoming working population.
2) Serve as a critical route connecting rest of the city to the transit hub; improving travel times for passengers from Mumbai, disembarking at the Transit Hub.
Adequate Water Supply
While 5 pilot DMAs that will be provided with 24X7 water supply has been included in local area development projects, the ultimate goal is to scale up 24X 7 water supply for the entire city in a phase-wise manner. This will be done over a 10-year period and new DMAs will be included in each phase.
Storm water use
Storm water drainage is an essential feature under the ambit of smart cities. It is especially essential in urban areas where run-off cannot infiltrate because the surfaces are impermeable. It is used mainly to drain high peak flows away. Further, the city of Pune is prone to flooding when rainfall is >50mm per day. As a part of Phase 1 of the Storm water Drainage project, the Baner basin has already been created. Additional storm water drainage infrastructure is required to cover the entire area.
Rain Water Harvesting
In most urban areas, population is increasing rapidly and the issue of supplying adequate water to meet societal needs and to ensure equity in access to water is one of the most urgent and significant challenge. Rainwater harvesting is a decentralized, environmentally sound solution, which can avoid many environmental problems. So to ease the water crisis rainwater harvesting project is envisaged in the local area development proposal.
Fire stations constitute of the key elements of emergency services in a city. The two key success factors for good fire protection are accessibility and readiness. Two fire stations in the area will ensure quick accessibility in case of fire accidents, and 1,372 sq m of amenity space is allocated for this. Efforts will be made to ensure that these fire stations are equipped with optimum equipment and adequately manned.
Helium leak detection
As of today in Pune, invisible leaks cannot be identified as there is no information on where the leakage is occurring and in what magnitude. In order to be able to take corrective action accurate data is required on leakage and its source. Pilots and engagements in other parts of India’s/other geographies have shown the efficacy of Helium Based Leak Detection technology in identifying leaks - an average of 2 leakages per kilometer were found. In neighboring PCMC, 268 Km were inspected and 269 leaks were found, In Malviya Nagar, Delhi, 84 Km were inspected and 303 leaks were found, In MCGM, Maharashtra, 80 Km were inspected and 135 leaks were found. Using this technology we can successfully identify invisible leaks throughout the water system and fix the piping as required.
Naidu STP – Energy Generation
While Sewage treatment is a significant user of energy. Operation of pumps, blowers and other equipment at a typical sewage treatment plant per person, an annual electrical energy consumption requirement is in the range of 12-19 KWh. Thus, substantial input of energy is required to treat sewage and sewage treatment often comprises the largest use of electricity by local governments. The anaerobic treatment in the STP’s can generate electrical energy and be used in the STP itself.
Also the treated water can be used in the construction sector, thus reducing burden on the ground water.
In view of this, the project focuses on making Naidu STP with 115 MLD treatment capacity into a energy neutral plant. Electricity generation annually is targeted to be 1.92 million units .