Based on the SWOT analysis, Pune has come up with five strategic requirements
Fix core urban infrastructure and make it “future-proof”
Based on econometric analysis and financial modeling, PMC will require around 2500 cr per year (capex + opex) up to 2030 to completely overhaul and fix its infrastructure (Exhibit 1) (Note: this is assuming that PMC contributes 10% for metro, 60% for additional buses and nothing on ring roads, with funds coming from other sources for the balance) (Ref. 6). As strategy, PMC will think proactively to fix infrastructure for the future. Most cities do not take into account urbanization and population growth, thus creating infrastructure that always lags demand.
Besides a long-term fix, the city would also like to move quickly in the next five years and fix infrastructure as much as possible, with all “less is more” (e.g. junction/ street design) and ICT solutions implemented along with significant progress in BRT (70 km in 5 years), ring road (2 done in 5 years) and metro (phase 1 – 31 km done in 5 years). A comprehensive framework has been drawn for the core sectors, e.g., mobility and water (Exhibits 2 and 3). Pune will also need to fix the housing challenge with 20,000 cr required for affordable and mass housing in the next 5 years (5000 cr for slums).
Leverage multiple sources of funds to fulfil long-term infrastructure demand
Funding INR 2,500 cr of opex + capex every year for next 15 years will require multiple sources, e.g., government missions, own funds, debt and public–private partnership (PPP). PMC has created a detailed roadmap consisting of current capex plan (1400 cr per year), land monetization (1250-1450 cr per year), other government missions (500-700 cr per year), debt and PPP (1000-1200 cr per year). PMC has drawn a detailed plan to monetize its own land every year (Exhibit 4) (Ref. 7). PMC has been rated AA by Fitch and has also moved ahead to create a separate, ring-fenced infrastructure fund (a first of its kind in India). This will help Pune to borrow from the market at attractive rates.
Transform Pune into the most liveable city in India
In addition to fixing infrastructure, Pune will also upgrade its neighbourhoods to world-class livability standards in a phased manner, starting with the local area development pilot. This would be a holistic transformation of neighbourhoods across core infrastructure, social infrastructure (e.g., schools, healthcare), livability parameters (e.g., open spaces, pollution control, recreation options), resource productivity, e.g., (ICT solutions), sustainability (e.g., recycling, energy efficiency), and neighbourhood governance through a suite of citizen and business interfacing solutions.
A detailed roadmap has been created in the proposal for the local area selected, which will be replicated across Pune. This would require funds of INR 1,500 cr to 2,000 cr per neighbourhood.
Build city attractiveness further through iconic riverfront development
Leveraging on Pune’s strength of multiple riverfronts, PMC will endeavour to fully clean the rivers and develop them as attractive recreational destinations. This could be a strong distinguishing factor vis-à-vis other cities. The National River Conservation Fund to the tune of 900 Cr has been approved by the Govt of India for river cleaning, while the contract for consultancy for the riverfront development has been issued to HCP consultants to create a detailed master plan (which drove Sabarmati riverfront development)
Pune engaged citizens in what is perhaps one of the largest envisioning exercises in the history of Indian cities. The entire administrative machinery along with an ecosystem of the media, NGOs and private companies reached out to over 4 lakh households, i.e., about 50 percent of Pune’s total households. This was done in a true pan-city manner, covering all 15 wards across the city in a door-to-door campaign by “smart volunteers”. The smart volunteers were supported by a team of 400 members across the public and private sectors.
More than 35 lakh inputs were received from the citizens across the city. In addition, there was significant citizen involvement through the internet and social media. An exclusive website was set up, where the entire citizen engagement strategy and interactive forms were created, to get citizen inputs on vision and goals. Also, Pune created Twitter and Facebook pages for Pune Smart City, which were highly successful with ~16,000 tweets and retweets and 5,300 likes with 2000+ followers on Twitter.
Pune’s engagement strategy to get best results had 5 key features
Pune focused on four different modes of citizen engagement:
Digital and online
Competitions for crowd sourcing of ideas and creativity
Publicity and advertising
Hoardings and banners, interviews on media, “Gallery walk” set up in the war room to make citizens aware of the Smart City initiative, advertisements on the FM radio, local cable, newspapers
Total 35 lakh inputs received from citizens:
Digital and online
Online (Exhibit 5)
Based on citizen inputs from more than 50 percent households, two word clouds were created for: a) Vision and b) Major issues facing citizens (Exhibit 6). The top three vision words—clean, beautiful and green—feature in the overall vision for Pune. Also, the top issues—transport, water and other core infrastructure issues—feature in the overall vision of Pune. Initiatives selected under pan-city and LAD development fully reflect this.
Thereafter, citizens were engaged with to identify specific goals within these sectors.A location based heat map for issues is depicted in Exhibit 7 & 8. Top goals identified by the citizens are mentioned in Exhibit 8. The overall plan for Pune is fully in line with solving these specific issues.
Ideas were then crowd-sourced through discussion forums on the portal. Transport received maximum number of solutions (43.6 percent) followed by water and sewage (15.1 percent) and SWM (14.4 percent)
Solutions proposed by the citizens were further refined with inputs from experts, solution providers, NGOs and people representatives through four mini-labs, and finally, the Smart City Proposal (SCP) was shared with citizens. In an unprecedented support, 3 lakh citizens pledged their support to Pune’s SCP through signature campaigns in both offline and online modes. Also, 8,000 households in ABB Area supported through pledge.
Based on the citizen engagement, PSCDCL furthered its vision and goals to create Pune into the most liveable city in India
Leveraging its rich cultural and natural heritage, strong human capital and strong business environment as key strengths, Pune aspires to become one of the most liveable cities in India by solving its core infrastructure issues in a “future-proof” way, and by making its neighbourhoods beautiful, clean, green and liveable.
Both extensive citizen inputs (detailed in the next question) and city profiling were taken into account when defining this vision. As described in the previous two questions, this three-part blueprint is a true reflection of Pune’s unique profile, opportunities and challenges:
Solve core infrastructure issues in a “future-proof” way:
Solve mobility challenge
This is critical since mobility is #1 issue in both citizen engagement and desk profile. The aspirations on transportation include:
Provide equitable water across Pune
Capitalizing on Pune’s water abundance, one of the key goals will be to ensure at least 150 lpcd of water to 100 percent of citizens 24×7. Like transportation, this will also require a holistic set of solutions, both short-term and long-term. The ICT solutions will be driven under the Smart City framework. Specific goals in water and sewerage include:
Taking other core infrastructure from “good to great”
While Pune has done well compared to other cities on many dimensions of core urban infrastructure, it will still need to work on them to fulfil its aspiration of becoming one of the most liveable cities in India. Specific goals include:
Swachh Pune Mission
Safety and security
All these will be driven in the local area and then replicated across the city.
Leverage the rich cultural and natural heritage, strong human capital and effective business environment as key strengths:
Make riverfronts clean, green and iconic: Punekars love their riverfront. In the citizen survey on specific goals, clean rivers and water bodies along with zero discharge of unauthorized water featured among top priorities. One of the visions of Pune, then, will be to develop its large riverfront along three rivers. Bimal Patel of HCP Consultants, one of the top urban planners (redeveloped Sabarmati riverfront), has already been engaged. A key short-term goal will be to develop 3.5 km of riverfront in the selected local area under Smart Cities Mission (SCM), which will be replicated across the city.
Create 500,000 high-end jobs in the start-up hub and other locations within the core city: With more than 10 km of lead travel and slowing speed of traffic, Punekars are feeling the commute challenge in a city that is growing radially. Creating at least 0.5 million high-end jobs in the heart of the city will be one of the key goals. As the first step, PMC wants to create at least 40,000 to 45,000 jobs in the start-up hub of Aundh-Baner-Balewadi (ABB) (Local Area selected by Pune in Smart City Proposal), which will be the catalyst for mixed-use development across Pune and promote walk-to-work
Become one of the top 10 cities in the ease of doing business and e-governance parameters: With a high-performing municipality that has been able to perform well in most urban services and has leveraged ICT to improve citizen services and interaction, the next challenge is to significantly improve the ease of doing business and e-governance, to be at par with top 10 cities worldwide. As the first step, the special purpose vehicle (SPV) in the local area (ABB) will implement five specific solutions end-to-end, which could be replicated across the city.
Making its neighbourhoods beautiful, clean, green and fully liveable
With “clean”, “beautiful” and “green” featuring as the top three adjectives in Punekars’ visioning exercise, the idea will be to transform all neighbourhoods on these dimensions, by first driving change in the local area and then replicating it across the city. Specific goals include: